This and other information on safe storage and handling of batteries can be seen in the Know Toxics Universal Waste & Used Electronics Training Manual, pages 9-10.
Information on specific US Department of Transportation battery transport requirements from the 2009 Battery Safety and Compliance Advisory Letter*
A handler of universal waste batteries must manage them in a way that prevents releases to the environment. Handlers of universal waste batteries must ensure that the casing of each individual batteries_tape_.JPGbattery cell is not breached (cells may be opened to remove electrolyte). If a battery cell or casing is breached, it must be managed as hazardous waste.
Containers of universal waste batteries must be properly labeled, structurally sound, and compatible with the contents of the stored material. It is recommended to add the date to the label since handlers of universal waste can only store material on-site for up to one year.
It is highly recommended that battery terminals be insulated to avoid electrical discharge during storage and transportation. This must be done using non-electrical duct tape, as metallic duct tape can easy cause reaction or fire.
*External link. The Northern Virginia Regional Commission does not author third party sites and their reference is for educational purposes only.